Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to various associated types of apparel originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but often also for lounging,[two] also by each sexes.[three] Extra usually, pajamas may possibly check with a number of garments, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of fashion and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Company rule in India.
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth centuries, and also the British influence on the wider Western planet in the course of the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell outside of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Gals of varied courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of night apparel, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the behavior similar to a superior quite a few Other folks from your Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London retailers. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on muske pidzame 40 decades in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is due to White Ants."
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend manufactured from gentle cloth, including flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, both having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but within the early 20-first century They can be alternatively unusual.
Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in design and style like small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, occasionally, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, during the US, they have at times provided the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of quick gown top rated around shorts or shorter pants.
Pajamas may these days confer with Gals's blend daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned popular within the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.